During the early Middle Ages opposing the river Prut and the actual town, there was a small castle called Tetina. This was destroyed by the Huns. The locals who survived decided to rebuild the village on the Southern side of the river which was considered easier to defend. The town which was built was later to be named Chernivtsi and was attested on the eight of October 1408 in a document issued by Alexander the Great, the ruller of Moldavia. Chernivtsi is an old Romanian town situated in the North of Bukovina. When the Austro-Hungarian Empire fell apart in 1918,Chernivtsi became part of Romania. In June 1940 was occupied by the Red Army of the USSR, altogether with the North of Bukovina, and taken by the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic. After USSR’s crush, it became part of Ukraine.
Named by the tourists ”the little Vienna” due to the cultural atmosphere dominating the town, Cernauti is nowadays a modern place, full of natural beauties and historical monuments with an interesting architecture. Main architectural styles present within the city include Vienna Secession and Neoclassicism, Baroque, late Gothic architecture, and fragments of traditional Moldavian and Hungarian architecture, Byzantine architecture as well as Cubism. Tourists can admire many sculpted monuments. green parks, markets, as well as the river Prut that flows through the town.
The Central Square of Czernowitz is the tourists’ favourite place along with the Theatre Square because here they can admire the flowery landscape at their own pace or they can stop at one of the restaurants to enjoy a special culinary experience.
Another tourist attraction is the the Chernivtsi University—UNESCO World Heritage Site(1882) founded in 1875. The impressive architectural style and the amplitude of the building make us realise the important role it played at that time. Since its establishment, it transformed the town in one of the main university centres in Eastern Europe. Tourists interested in history and architecture can visit many impressive buildings such as Armenian church or the Czernowitz Synagogue. Chernivtsi once had a Jewish community of over 50,000, less than a third of whom survived World War II.You can also visit the Chernivtsi Drama Theater, the Regional Museum of Fine Arts and the Chernivtsi Palace of Culture.
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