Chernivtsi
May 5, 2014
Ukraine
May 5, 2014

Mohyliv-Podilskyi

Mohyliv-Podilskyi  is a city located along the left bank of the Dniester river in the Vinnytsia  province, Ukraine. On the opposite side of the river lies the Moldovan town of Otaci, and the two municipalities are connected to each other by a bridge.The city is mentioned for the first time in documents in  1595. The owner of the town, Moldavian boyar Ieremia Movilă bestowed it as a dowry gift to his daughter, who married into the Potocki family of Polish nobility.

During the Ukrainian struggle for independence (1917–20) the town witnessed many battles. In June 1919 the Army of the Ukrainian National Republic defeated the Red Army near Mohyliv. In 1923 the city was officially named Mohyliv-Podilskyi. Today  the tourists come to see  the Saint Nicholas’s Cathedral built in 1754 and Saint George’s Church built between1809–1819.

During the World War II, Mogilev-Podolski was occupied by German and Romanian troops in July 1941. Soon thereafter, thousands of Jews in the town were murdered by the occupiers.Mogilev-Podolski soon became a transit camp for Jews expelled from Bessarabia and Bukovina to Transnistria. From September 1941 to February 1942 more than 55000 deportees came through the town but only 2000—3000 were given residence permits.The rest  lived in constant fear of being deported into the Transnistrian interior for forced labor.Most of the deportees were allowed to return to Romania in the spring of 1945 after living a horrible experience.